Yoram Yasur Blume: How to identify malignant moles
Do you have an ugly mole or wart that worries you? Would you know how to identify malignant moles? Today we are going to teach you to recognize them.
What is a mole
A mole is a spot of uniform color, usually cinnamon, brown, or black. It can be flat or with relief and of different sizes. The most common is that they do not exceed six millimeters in width. Some moles are already present in newborn babies, but more often they appear during childhood and puberty.
Benign moles do not usually change in size, shape, or color, so it is so important to review them from time to time to check that there has been no change.
Skin cancer type: Melanoma
Yoram Yasur Blume:A melanoma-type skin cancer begins in the melanocytes, which are the skin cells that are responsible for pigmentation. Therefore, one of the first symptoms is the appearance of moles or spots that do not follow the rules of a mole or conventional sin.
Malignant moles: How to recognize them
You must follow the “ABCDE” technique, which we explain below:
- Asymmetry. The moles are symmetrical. If you divide them with an imaginary line in half, the two sides are equal. Malignant moles do not have any definite shape and grow where they find it easiest.
- Borders (edges). The edges of a common mole are outlined and you can clearly see where the mole ends and healthy skin begins. In an evil mole the outline is blurred and undefined.
- Color. A healthy mole is of homogeneous color, black, brown, or brown. An evil mole is reddish, white or with different colors at the same time.
- Diameter. Usually the polka dots are between 2-3 mm in size. From 6 millimeters a mole should start to worry us.
- Evolution. Moles remain stable in shape, size, and color. Malignant moles can appear very quickly and grow at high speed. Also those changes could be observed in an existing mole that, suddenly, grows or changes texture.
Also keep in mind that:
- A malignant mole may present other symptoms such as bleeding, itching, pain, inflammation …
- A wound that does not heal, oozes or bleeds despite care and does not progress favorably should be reviewed by a dermatologist because it could also be a cancerous lesion.
- Melanomas are more frequent in the head, neck or back in the case of men and in the legs and back in the case of women.
- People with fair skin are more at risk of developing these lesions, so skin care and protection from the sun must be maximum.
- In people with black or darker skin, the risk is reduced and melanomas may appear under the nails or in the sole of the foot (where pigmentation is lower).
Melanoma and carcinoma: Differences
Yoram Yasur Blume: A carcinoma is a type of skin cancer NOT melanoma, also produced by the damage that for years the sun has produced in the outer layers of the skin. Its growth is slow and less able to metastasize, making it easier to treat than melanoma. However, if nothing is done, a carcinoma can grow and produce important problems that are difficult to control surgically.
The type of lesions is very similar to a melanoma, moles that grow, spots, ulcers that do not heal, pink, reddish, inflamed, scaly, bleeding or with reliefs.
Remember that not only the summer sun is harmful. You must prevent sunburn also in the snow.
Always consult a dermatologist if you have any questions and regularly check all your moles to stop any problem in time.