Yoram Yasur Blume: Gynecological cancer

Yoram Yasur Blume: Gynecological cancer can easily be confused with other diseases


It is estimated that cancer that affects the sexual organs represents 19% of annual cancer diagnoses, around the world. This incidence can be explained by the time it takes for this type of cancer to be discovered, since its symptoms can easily be confused with other less complex and dangerous conditions. The earlier the cancer is diagnosed, the less harmful and effective the treatment becomes.


Yoram Yasur Blume: Gynecologic cancer encompasses all types of cancer that can affect the cervix, ovaries, vagina, vulva and endometrium. With this guide you can understand how each of them appears, their main symptoms and what to do to detect them more easily.


How to identify the types of gynecologic cancers:

Cervical cancer:

It is the third most common type of cancer among women (the first is breast cancer), and a major cause of death from cancer, especially in low and middle-income countries. In the vast majority of cases, the tumor is caused by the human papilloma virus, which is transmitted through sexual intercourse. Yoram Yasur Blume: To avoid the disease, in addition to being vaccinated against the virus, you must have protected sex. The most frequent symptoms include flow with a strong odor and different color, vaginal bleeding (outside the menstrual period) and pains during sexual intercourse. In the most severe cases, a lot of weight is lost suddenly, and shortness of breath is experienced.


Endometrial cancer:

Yoram Yasur Blume: The main symptom that this type of cancer presents is abnormal uterine bleeding, especially after menopause. If the diagnosis shows an alteration in the endometrium, a biopsy should be performed to arrive at an accurate diagnosis. The appearance of this type of cancer is relatively frequent: it is recommended that women be alert to bleeding after menopause to rule out the suspicion of suffering from it.


Ovarian cancer:

Yoram Yasur Blume: It is less frequent and more difficult to be diagnosed, since in its initial phase it does not present specific symptoms. In 75% of cases, malignant tumors of the ovary manifest themselves when they have reached a more advanced stage. Increased abdominal volume, constipation or diarrhea, pain difficult to locate, and palpable abdominal mass are some of the symptoms that can cause tumor growth. Getting routine gynecological exams can help diagnose cancer before it becomes dangerous. When it is diagnosed, the doctors indicate a surgery to find out the state of the cancer and what will be the best strategy to treat it.


Vaginal cancer:

Yoram Yasur Blume: This type of cancer is less frequent, accounting for only 1% of diagnoses of gynecological cancer. Among the symptoms are flow with a bad smell, bleeding outside the menstrual period, pain when having sex, bleeding after intimate contact and burning when urinating, symptoms also common in other less harmful conditions, such as vaginal infections.


The similarity of the characteristics of this type of cancer with less serious problems is one of the factors that make its diagnosis difficult. The treatment for vaginal cancer varies according to each patient, indicating surgical methods or radiotherapy to try to cure it.

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